Dr. Russi  |   30/07/2013
What to do when someone has an epilepsy seizure?
First aid for epilepsy seizures
For Tonic-Clonic seizures

The person goes stiff, loses consciousness and then falls to the ground. This is followed by jerking movements. A blue tinge around the mouth is likely. This is due to irregular breathing. Loss of bladder and/or bowel control may happen. After a minute or two the jerking movements should stop and consciousness may slowly return.


·Cushion their head
·Look for an epilepsy identity card or identity jewellery
·Aid breathing by gently placing them in the recovery position once the seizure has finished (see pictures)
·Stay with the person until recovery is complete
·Be calmly reassuring

Do not...

·Restrain the person’s movements
·Put anything in the person’s mouth
·Try to move them unless they are in danger
·Give them anything to eat or drink until they are fully recovered
·Attempt to bring them round

Call for an ambulance if...

·You know it is the person’s first seizure, or
·The seizure continues for more than five minutes, or
·One tonic-clonic seizure follows another without the person regaining consciousness between seizures, or
·The person is injured during the seizure, or
·You believe the person needs urgent medical attention

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